Four more location-based psychological disorders

The Mad Lands: Places That Can Make You Crazy

India isn’t the only destination that’s been known to affect visitors’ mental stability. Here are four more location-based psychological disorders.

1. Florence Syndrome
Also known as Stendhal syndrome, this illness afflicts visitors to cities with rich concentrations of art, like Florence. Sufferers become so overwhelmed by the beauty around them that they hallucinate, experience accelerated heart rates, become dizzy, and faint. Some require hospitalization and even antidepressants.

2. Paris Syndrome
The Japanese are most vulnerable to this condition, which arises when tourists discover that the City of Light isn’t all it’s cracked up to be and that Parisians can be utterly indifferent to outsiders. The physical symptoms resemble those of Florence syndrome but also include acute feelings of persecution.

3. Jerusalem Syndrome
In a 2010 episode of The Simpsons, a visit to the Holy City convinces Homer that he is the Messiah, who will unite Christians, Muslims, and Jews (whom he collectively calls ChrisMuJews). Real-life tourists can actually become similarly delusional, certain that God is talking to them or that they are the chosen one.

4. Stockholm Syndrome
This condition, named for but not specific to the Swedish capital, describes any situation in which someone who has been abducted (most famously, Patty Hearst) becomes sympathetic to his or her captors. There’s also an inverse, Lima syndrome, in which kidnappers develop warm feelings toward their hostages.

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